PHI 111 Midterm Answers (UNC Greensboro)
1. What is the etymology of the word “philosophy”? Philo = Love, Sophia = Knowledge, Greek- Love of Knowledge
2. What is an argument, in the philosophical sense? A series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion
3. What is an “indicator word”? When an argument is being made, indicator words help determine which part is the premise and which is the conclusion. When you make an argument, these words can also clarify what you are trying to say.
4. What is a “thought experiment”? Thought experiments are devices of the imagination used to investigate the nature of things. A tool that philosophers use to isolate parts of our experiences and do it in an artificial way, it is a hypothetical thing.
5. What is a “good of the mind”? Something that mainly benefits our mental and spiritual well-being
6. What is a “good of the body”? Something that mainly benefits our physical well-being
7. What is a “fallacy”?
General questions regarding the practice of philosophy:
20. ****What is studied in the field of logic (broadly)? The study of reasoning, or the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration
21. What is studied in the field of epistemology (broadly)?
Text summary (analysis) questions:
25. What are some of the values of doing philosophy, according to Bertrand Russell (in “The Value of Philosophy”)? Philosophical questioning allows us to enlarge our conception of what is possible.
26. What are some key differences between the practical person and the philosophical person, as defined by Bertrand Russell (The Value of Philosophy)?