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CHFD210 Midterm Exam (APUS)

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CHFD210 Midterm Exam (APUS)

Part 1 of 1 -

96.0/ 100.0 Points

 

Question 1 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

The phrase "developmentally appropriate practice" means

 

 A.Matching activities to age-related norms

 B.Ensuring that children master school readiness skills

 C.Adapting activities to the individual abilities of the child

 D.Emphasizing the children's exploration of the environment

 

Question 2 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Two teachers are discussing outdoor time. Janice says, "Kids learn best when they are free to explore. We should give them time in the sandbox to do their own thing, because we can't know what concepts they are working on as well as they do." Monica says, "But they'll learn more and do more exciting things if we talk to them about what they are doing. We should help them plan and problem solve." Janice's philosophy best matches which theory of cognitive development?

 

 A.Vygotsky

 B.Piaget

 C.Gardner

 D.Behaviorism

 

Question 3 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Children's desire to do things for themselves, in their own way (commonly called the "terrible twos"), corresponds to which stage of Erikson's theory?

 

 A.initiative vs. guilt

 B.trust vs. mistrust

 C.industry vs. inferiority

 D.autonomy vs. shame and doubt

 

Question 4 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Adults can best help children behave appropriately by

 

 A.Providing clear step-by-step instructions and giving immediate feedback when children misbehave

 B.Making sure that children know the rules and appropriate behaviors for the situation

 C.Drawing children's attention to other children's misbehavior

 D.Avoiding discussion of negative emotions (like anger)

 

Question 5 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

The idea that children can learn failure refers to

 

 A.The importance of making sure that children feel successful with their activities

 B.Giving children lots of feedback to ensure that they do not practice the wrong response

 C.The fact that less-educated parents tend to have children who do less well in school

 D.The social-modeling influence of having low-performing children in the classroom

 

Question 6 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

The term "emergent curriculum" means that group activities should

 

 A.Match the interests of the children'

 B.Provide maximum challenge to take advantage of children's emerging abilities

 C.Be selected and determined by children whenever possible

 D.D) Have a clear purpose and structure

 

Question 7 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Which of the following is not a category of activity used by the Montessori program?

 

 A.daily-living exercises

 B.scientific facts

 C.sensory experiences

 D.artistic/cultural materials

 

Question 8 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Cubbies, or other personal storage spaces,

 

 A.May be inside the classroom or elsewhere in the school.

 B.Are only necessary if the children are bringing their own food and extensive clothing or other materials to school.

 C.Can be shared by may children or assigned on a rotating basis.

 D.Are required for each child within the classroom.

 

Question 9 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Which is true of the relationship between room arrangements and children's activities?

 

 A.The physical arrangement of the room has no effect on children's activities.

 B.More open room arrangements encourage child exploration.

 C.More open room arrangements intimidate and discourage child exploration.

 D.Accessible play materials discourage child attention and learning.

 

Question 10 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

An office thematic play area (with desks, writing materials, adding machines, files, folders, coffee/snack equipment, and the like) would best be described as a

 

 A.simple unit

 B.complex unit

 C.super unit

 D.imaginary unit

 

Question 11 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

A soft, quiet area

 

 A.Should be available at all times of the day

 B.Should be centrally located and close to all curricular centers

 C.May be effectively combined with the dramatic play area

 D.Should be darker than the regular room and located away from windows

 

Question 12 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Outdoor play areas

 

 A.are completely identical to indoor play areas.

 B.have fewer limitations than indoor play

 C.should emphasize only gross motor activities.

 D.do not encourage symbolic thinking.

 

Question 13 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Throughout the academic year, classroom organization should be

 

 A.Simpler, with fewer activities more focused on children's emerging interests

 B.More complex, with more choices for children to select among

 C.Remain at a similar, developmentally appropriate level

 D.Focus on larger group activities

 

Question 14 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Curriculum is best defined as

 

 A.A mandated set of learning goals

 B.A written plan about activities to guide instruction

 C.A thematic web

 D.A set of measurable objectives

 

Question 15 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Behaviorist theory advocates a ______ approach to elementary education, while Constructivist theory advocates a ________ approach.

 

 A.thematic organization; subject-matter

 B.facts; subject-matter

 C.subject-matter; facts

 D.subject-matter, thematic organization

 

Question 16 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Aggressive, superhero play is often illicit because

 

 A.It does not serve any developmental purpose

 B.It is discouraged by teachers and caregivers

 C.It rarely happens in group settings.

 D.It is mostly children copying scenes from books or videos.

 

Question 17 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Play ____________ belong in the school because it ___________________

 

 A.does not; distracts attention from direct instruction learning activities.

 B.does; improves problem solving and creativity.

 C.does not; improves creativity at the expense of problem solving skills.

 D.does; allows children less restrictive play environment than the home can provide.

 

Question 18 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

______________ is most likely in preschool, while ____________ is most likely in middle childhood.

 

 A.symbolic play; rule-based game play

 B.Rule-based game play; practice play

 C.Practice play; symbolic play

 D.Practice play; rule based game play

 

Question 19 of 25

0.0/ 4.0 Points

the BASIC acronym suggests the social conflict is more likely at ALL BUT WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING times

 

 A.Arrival and departure

 B.Bed/nap time

 C.Schedule tranition

 D.Individual interaction with materials

 

Question 20 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Which of the following best describes the influence of curiculum and room arrangement on discipline in the preschool years?

 

 A.Restrictions on movement will result in misbehavior

 B.Large open spaces in the classroom will reduce self-discipline

 C.Crossing traffic patterns produce conflict

 D.All of the above are true

 

Question 21 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Which best describes the relationship between assessment and testing in early childhood?

 

 A.These terms are synonymous

 B.Testing is the most accurate type of assessment because it is completely objective

 C.Testing is a limited form of assessment because it reflects the child's abilities on a specific ttask at a specific point in time.

 D.Testing refers to the use of standardized measures to rate a child in relation to other childn while assessment refers to informal observation.

 

Question 22 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Teachers who are interested in whether their students have learned important core material should use what kind of test?

 

 A.Achievement

 B.Criteriaon-referenced

 C.Norm-referenced

 D.Screening

 

Question 23 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

The current move toward requiring children to have certain competencies before entering kindergarten is BEST DESCRIBED as

 

 A.Achievement testing

 B.Developmental testing

 C.Readiness testing

 D.Screening

 

Question 24 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

Reporting to parents

 

 A.Is a good idea, as long as it does not take time away from teaching

 B.Is a necessary part of teaching.

 C.Is sometimes a good idea, but can sometimes cause problems for teachers

 D.Should only be done with the child's permission

 

Question 25 of 25

4.0/ 4.0 Points

During successful parent=teacher conferences, teachers

 

 A.Provide written documentation as well as verbal explanations

 B.Listen as well as talk

 C.consider the impact of the conference after it is over

 D.All of the above are aspects of effective parent-teacher conferences.

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