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BAM 313 BAM313 Final Exam Answers

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BAM 313 Final Exam Answers (CCU)

1. The CEO of High Tech International decides to change an accounting method at the end of the current year. The change results in reported profits increasing by 5%, but the company’s cash flows are not changed. If capital markets are efficient, then:

a. The stock price will increase only if the accounting change will also result in higher profits in the next year.

b. The stock price will increase due to higher profits.

c. The stock price will decrease because accounting method changes are not permitted under generally accepted accounting principles.

d. The stock price will not be affected by the accounting change.

2. S-type corporations have all of the following advantages EXCEPT

a. The owners have limited liability.

b. All owners must be people, no corporations.

c. Distributions are taxed twice, similar to corporate dividend payments.

d. They are taxed as partnerships.

3. Assume that you went to Las Vegas and hit the jackpot for $5 million. Further assume that you were offered a choice to receive the $5 million today, or receive it in two years. According to one of the principles of finance, which would you take?

a. You would be indifferent as to when you would receive the $5 million.

b. $5 million in two years because you would be afraid of spending it all right away

c. $5 million today because it would be worth more than if you would receive it in two years

d. $5 million in two years because it would be worth more than if you would receive it today

4. In terms of the costs to organize each, which of the following sequences is correct, moving from highest to lowest cost?

a. corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, sole proprietorship

b. sole proprietorship, general partnership, corporation, limited partnership

c. general partnership, sole proprietorship, limited partnership, corporation

d. sole proprietorship, general partnership, limited partnership, corporation

5. Which form of organization is free of initial legal requirements?

a. general partnership

b. sole proprietorship

c. corporation

d. both a and b

6. Which of the statements below are true?

a. The sole proprietorship and the general partnership both feature unlimited liability.

b. The corporation and the limited partnership both provide at least some owners with limited liability.

c. A corporation is the business form that is typically the most complicated (legally) to establish.

d. all of the above

7. Capital budgeting is concerned with:

a. planning sales of a corporation’s equity capital

b. what long-term investments a firm should undertake

c. whether a company’s assets should be financed with debt or equity

d. managing a firms cash budgeting procedures

8. Which of the following is an advantage of organized stock exchanges?

a. increased stock price volatility

b. only profitable companies may issue new securities on an organized exchange

c. screening companies to ensure only low risk stocks are sold

d. providing a continuous market

9. What is the term for a graphical representation of the relationship between interest rates and the maturities of debt securities?

a. yield curve

b. maturity chart

c. term curve

d. inflationary expectations

10. The one-year interest rate is 4%. The interest rate for a two-year security is 6%. The one-year interest rate one year from now is 8.34%. According to the liquidity preference theory, the risk premium for the second one-year investment is:

a. 0.34%

b. 1.66%

c. 0.30%

d. 0.50%

11. An example of a primary market transaction involving a money market security is:

a. a new issue of a security with a very long maturity

b. the transfer of a previously-issued security with a very long maturity

c. a new issue of a security with a very short maturity

d. the transfer of a previously-issued security with a very short maturity

12. You are considering an investment in a U.S. Treasury bond but you are not sure what rate of interest it should pay. Assume that the real risk-free rate of interest is 1.0%; inflation is expected to be 1.5%; the maturity risk premium is 2.5%; and, the default risk premium for AAA rated corporate bonds is 3.5%. What rate of interest should the U.S. Treasury bond pay? a. 8.5%

b. 2.5%

c. 6.0%

d. 5.0%

13. A life insurance company purchases $1 billion of corporate bonds from premiums collected on its life insurance policies. Therefore:

a. the corporate bonds are direct securities and the life insurance policies are direct securities

b. the corporate bonds are direct securities and the life insurance policies are indirect securities

c. the corporate bonds are indirect securities and the life insurance policies are direct securities

d. the corporate bonds are indirect securities and the life insurance policies are indirect securities

14. A commitment fee is:

a. paid by investors to guarantee that a company will borrow from them

b. paid by bondholders to secure the right to convert bonds into common stock

c. an amount paid by an investment banker to ensure the sale of securities

d. an amount paid on the unused portion of a loan in a private placement

15. You plan to go to Asia to visit friends in three years. The trip is expected to cost a total of $10,000 at that time. Your parents have deposited $5,000 for you in a Certificate of Deposit paying 6% interest annually, maturing three years from now. Uncle Lee has agreed to pay for all remaining expenses. If you are going to put Uncle Lee’s gift in an investment earning 10% over the next three years, how much must he deposit today, so you can visit your friends three years from today?

a. $3,039

b. $3,345

c. $5,801

d. $3,757

16. What is the present value of an annuity of $120 received at the end of each year for 11 years? Assume a discount rate of 7%. The first payment will be received one year from today (round to nearest $1).

a. $570

b. $900

c. $400

d. $250

17. You won the lottery and can receive either (1) $60,000 today, or (2) $10,000 one year from today plus $25,000 two years from today plus $35,000 three years from today. You plan to use the money to pay for your child’s college education in 15 years. You should:

a. take option two because you get $70,000 rather than $60,000 regardless of current interest rates.

b. take the $60,000 today because of the time value of money regardless of current interest rates

c. take the $60,000 today only if the current interest rate is at least 16.67%

d. take the $60,000 today if you can earn 6.81% per year or more on your investments

18. You deposit $5,000 per year at the end of each of the next 25 years into an account that pays 8% compounded annually. How much could you withdraw at the end of each of the 20 years following your last deposit if all withdrawals are the same dollar amount? (The twenty-fifth and last deposit is made at the beginning of the 20-year period. The first withdrawal is made at the end of the first year in the 20-year period.)

a. $37,230

b. $43,289

c. $18,276

d. $27,832

19. Your son is born today and you want to make him a millionaire by the time he is 50 years old. You deposit $10,700 in an investment account and want to know what annual interest rate must you earn in order to have the account value equal to $1,000,000 on your son’s 50th birthday.

a. 6.2%

b. 9.5%

c. 17.8%

d. 12.4%

20. You sell valuable artifacts from your household estate for $200,000 and want to use the money to supplement your retirement. You receive the money on your 60th birthday, the day you retire. You want to withdraw equal amounts at the end of each of the next 25 years. What constant amount can you withdraw each year and have nothing remaining at the end of 20 years if you are earning 7% interest per year?

a. $28,318

b. $17,162

c. $37,574

d. $49,113

Stock W has the following returns for various states of the economy:

State of the Economy

 

Probability

Stock W’s Return

Recession

 

9%

-72%

Below Average

 

16%

-15%

Average

 

51%

16%

Above Average

 

14%

35%

Boom

 

10%

85%

21. Stock W’s standard deviation of returns is:

a. 29%

b. 12%

c. 37%

d. 43%

22. Which of the following types of risk is diversifiable?

a. betagenic, or ecocentric risk

b. unsystematic, or company-unique risk

c. systematic risk

d. market risk

23. You are considering buying some stock in Continental Grain. Which of the following are examples of non-diversifiable risks?

I. Risk resulting from a general decline in the stock market.

II. Risk resulting from a possible increase in income taxes.

III. Risk resulting from an explosion in a grain elevator owned by Continental. IV. Risk resulting from a pending lawsuit against Continental.

a. II, III, and IV

b. I and II

c. III and IV

d. I only

24. Decker Corp. common stock has a required return of 17.5% and a beta of 1.75. If the expected risk free return is 3%, what is the expected return for the market based on the CAPM?

a. 14.29%

b. 13.35%

c. 15.27%

d. 11.29%

25. The return on the market portfolio is currently 12%. Mobile Phone Corporation stockholders require a rate of return of 30% and the stock has a beta of 3.2. According to CAPM, determine the risk-free rate.

a. 3.82%

b. 9.80%

c. 4.64%

d. 6.50%

26. Which of the following is true?

a. Two points on the Characteristic Line are the T-bill and the market portfolio.

b. All securities have a beta between 0 and 1.

c. Most of the unsystematic risk is removed by the time a portfolio contains 30 stocks.

d. The greater the total risk of an asset, the greater the expected return.

27. Which of the following is NOT a definition of yield to maturity?

a. return that an investor will earn if they buy the bond for its market price and hold it until maturity

b. discount rate that equates present value of future cash flows with a bond’s price

c. investors’ required rate of return on a bond investment

d. discount rate that equates present value of future cash flows with a bond’s face value

28. Charlie Corporation has two bonds outstanding. Both bonds mature in 10 years, have a face value of $1,000, and have a yield to maturity of 8%. One bond is a zero coupon bond and the other bond has a coupon rate of 8%. Which of the following statements is true?

a. Both bonds must sell for the same price if markets are in equilibrium.

b. The zero coupon bond must have a higher price because of its greater capital gain potential.

c. All rational investors will prefer the 8% bond because it pays more interest.

d. The zero coupon bond must sell for a lower price than the bond with an 8% coupon rate.

29. GPR Corporation just issued $1,000 par 20-year bonds. The bonds sold for $936 and pay interest semiannually. Investors require a rate of 7.00% on the bonds. What is the amount of the semiannual interest payment on the bonds?

a. $55.00

b. $21.75

c. $32.00

d. $64.50

30. Two investors are considering the purchase of Corporation LMQ bonds. The bonds are selling at their par value of $1,000 with a coupon rate of 9%. Investor A decides to buy the bonds and Investor B does not buy the bonds. Why?

a. The yield to maturity for Investor A must be higher than the yield to maturity for Investor B.

b. Investor A must have a required return less than or equal to 9%.

c. Investor A must have a required return higher than the bond’s yield to maturity.

d. Investor B must have required return lower than the bond’s yield to maturity.

31. The yield to maturity on a bond:

a. is lower for higher risk bonds

b. is fixed in the indenture

c. is generally below the coupon interest rate

d. is the required rate of return on the bond

32. Crandle’s common stock is currently selling for $79.00. It just paid a dividend of $4.60 and dividends are expected to grow at a rate of 5% indefinitely. What is the required rate of return on Crandle’s stock?

a. 11.11%

b. 14.21%

c. 12.2%

d. 11.76%

33. If a shareholder cannot attend the corporation’s annual meeting, the shares may still be voted using:

a. the preemptive right

b. majority voting rules

c. the cumulative voting right

d. a proxy

34. Asymmetric Frames Corp had a return on equity of 15%. The corporation’s earnings per share was $6.00, its dividend payout ratio was 40% and its profit-retention rate was 60%. If these relationships continue, what will be United Financial Corp’s internal growth rate?

a. 9.0%

b. 6.0%

c. 15.6%

d. 8.6%

35. Bensen Co. paid a dividend of $5.25 on its common stock yesterday. The company’s dividends are expected to grow at a constant rate of 8.5% indefinitely. The required rate of return on this stock is 15.5%. You observe a market price of $78.50 for the stock. Should you purchase this stock?

a. No, the market price is above the intrinsic value of the stock.

b. Yes, but only if you can keep the stock for at least 5 years.

c. Yes, the market price is below the intrinsic value of the stock.

d. No, the growth rate in dividends is too far below the required return.

36. Preferred stock differs from common stock in that:

a. Common stock investors have a required return and preferred stock investors do not.

b. Preferred stock dividends are fixed.

c. Preferred stock investors have a higher required return than common stock investors.

d. Preferred stock usually has a maturity date.

Texas Transport has five possible investment projects for the coming year. Each project is indivisible. They are:

Project

Investment (million)

 

IRR

A

$ 6

 

18%

B

$10

 

15%

C

$ 9

 

20%

D

$ 4

 

12%

E

$ 3

 

24%

37. The firm’s weighted marginal cost of capital schedule is 12 percent for up to $6 million of investment; 16 percent for between $6 million and $18 million of investment; and above $18 million the weighted cost of capital is 18 percent. The optimal capital budget is a. $23 million

b. $28 million

c. $12 million

d. $18 million

38. A corporate bond has a face value of $1,000 and a coupon rate of 5%. The bond matures in 15 years and has a current market price of $925. If the corporation sells more bonds it will incur flotation costs of $25 per bond. If the corporate tax rate is 35%, what is the after-tax cost of debt capital?

a. 3.74%

b. 5.29%

c. 4.45%

d. 6.78%

39. Sentry Manufacturing paid a dividend yesterday of $5 per share (D0 = $4). The dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 8% per year. The price of Sentry Manufacturing’s stock today is $29 per share. If Sentry Manufacturing decides to issue new common stock, flotation costs will equal $2.50 per share. Sentry Manufacturing’s marginal tax rate is 35%. Based on the above information, the cost of retained earnings is

a. 24.12%

b. 31.40%

c. 28.38%

d. 26.62%

40. Given the following information on S & G Inc.’s capital structure, compute the company’s weighted average cost of capital.

Type of Percent of

 

Before-Tax

Capital Capital Structure

 

Component Cost

Bonds 40%

 

7.5%

Preferred Stock 5%

 

11%

Common Stock 55% (Internal Only)

 

15%

The company’s marginal tax rate is 40%.

a. 10.6%

b. 10%

c. 7.1%

d. 13.3%

41. Lithium, Inc. is considering two mutually exclusive projects, A and B. Project A costs

$95,000 and is expected to generate $65,000 in year one and $75,000 in year two. Project

B costs $120,000 and is expected to generate $64,000 in year one, $67,000 in year two, $56,000 in year three, and $45,000 in year four. Lithium, Inc.’s required rate of return for these projects is 10%.The modified internal rate of return for Project A is

a. 19.19%

b. 26.89%

c. 29.63%

d. 24.18%

42. Lithium, Inc. is considering two mutually exclusive projects, A and B. Project A costs

$95,000 and is expected to generate $65,000 in year one and $75,000 in year two. Project

B costs $120,000 and is expected to generate $64,000 in year one, $67,000 in year two, $56,000 in year three, and $45,000 in year four. Lithium, Inc.’s required rate of return for these projects is 10%. The equivalent annual annuity amount for project A is

a. $13,357

b. $18,532

c. $15,024

d. $12,989

43. A machine that costs $1,500,000 has a 3-year life. It will generate after tax annual cash flows of $700,000 at the end of each year. It will be salvaged for $200,000 at the end of year 3. If your required rate of return for the project is 13%, what is the NPV of this investment?

a. $291,417

b. $338,395

c. $600,000

d. $400,000

Interstate Appliance Inc. is considering the following 3 mutually exclusive projects. Projected cash flows for these ventures are as follows:

Plan A

Plan B

Plan C

Initial Outlay=$3,600,000

Initial Outlay=$6,000,000

Initial Outlay=$3,500,000

Cash Flow:

Cash Flow:

Cash Flow:

Yr 1=$ -0-

Yr 1=$4,000,000

Yr 1=$2,000,000

Yr 2= -0-

Yr 2= 3,000,000

Yr 2= -0-

Yr 3= -0-

Yr 3= 2,000,000

Yr 3=2,000,000

Yr 4= -0-

Yr 4= -0-

Yr 4=2,000,000

Yr 5=$7,000,000

Yr 5= -0-

Yr 5=2,000,000

44. If Interstate Appliance has a 12% cost of capital, what decision should be made regarding the projects above?

a. accept plan A

b. accept plan B

c. accept plan C

d. accept Plans A, B and C

45. AFB Systems is considering a new marketing campaign that will require the addition of a new computer programmer and new software. The programmer will occupy an office in AFB’s current building and will be paid $8,000 per month. The software license costs $1,000 per month. The rent for the building is $4,000 per month. AFB’s computer system is always on, so running the new software will not change the current monthly electric bill of $900. The incremental expenses for the new marketing campaign are:

a. $8,000 per month

b. $9,000 per month

c. $13,000 per month

d. $13,900 per month

46. Tillamook Farms invests in a new kind of frozen dessert called polar cream that becomes very popular. So many new customers come to the store that the sales of existing ice cream products are increased. The extra sales revenue:

a. should be included in the analysis, but not the cost of the ice cream that is sold as that is a recurring expense

b. should not be counted as incremental revenue for the polar cream project because the sales come from existing products

c. are cannibalized sales that should be excluded from the analysis

d. are synergistic effects that should be counted as incremental revenues for the polar cream project

47. AFB, Inc. requires an investment in equipment of $600,000 to replace existing equipment. The existing equipment will produce after-tax salvage value of $70,000. Net working capital requirements are increased by $50,000. What is the total cash outflow at time zero?

a. $580,000

b. $530,000

c. $650,000

d. $720,000

48. An asset with an original cost of $100,000 and a current book value of $20,000 is sold for $50,000 as part of a capital budgeting project. The company has a tax rate of 30%. This transaction will have what impact on the project’s initial outlay?

a. reduce it by $6,000

b. reduce it by $15,000

c. reduce it by $20,000

d. reduce it by $50,000

49. Which of the following would be considered a fixed cost in a manufacturing setting?

a. sales commissions

b. direct labor

c. direct materials

d. depreciation

50. Operating leverage has to do with:

a. using preferred stock to increase sales volume

b. the incurrence of fixed operating costs in the firm’s income stream

c. borrowing money to finance a firm’s growth

d. financing with fixed cost sources of capital

51. Optimal capital structure is:

a. the mix of funds that will maximize the firm’s interest tax shield

b. the mix of permanent sources of funds used by the firm in a manner that will maximize the company’s common stock price

c. the mix of funds that will minimize the firm’s cost of equity capital

d. the mix of all items that appear on the right-hand side of the company’s balance sheet

52. Which of the following statements about operating leverage is true?

a. Operating leverage is the responsiveness of the firm’s EBIT to fluctuations in sales.

b. Operating leverage involves the usage of fixed cost financial securities in the operation of a business.

c. Operating leverage is the responsiveness of the firm’s EPS to fluctuations in sales.

d. Operating leverage reduces a firm’s risk.

53. The dividend irrelevance hypothesis is based on all of the following assumptions EXCEPT: a. perfect capital markets.

b. borrowing decisions will not be altered by the amount of dividend payments.

c. investment decisions will not be altered by the amount of dividend payments.

d. investors do not need cash dividends to supplement their current income.

54. Concentric Corporation has 10 million shares of stock outstanding. Concentric’s after-tax profits are $140 million and the corporation’s stock is selling at a price-earnings multiple of 18, for a stock price of $252 per share. Concentric’s management issues a 40% stock dividend. What is the effect on an investor who owns 100 shares of Concentric before the dividend if Concentric’s price-earnings multiple remains the same after the dividend is paid?

a. The investor will own 100 shares worth $35,280.

b. The investor will own 100 shares worth $25,200.

c. The investor will own 140 shares worth $25,200.

d. The investor will own 140 shares worth $35,280.

55. Which of the following is true if dividend policy is irrelevant?

a. Perfect capital markets exist.

b. The information effect exists.

c. Tax deferral on capital gains exists.

d. The clientele effect exists.

56. Use the “percent of sales method” of preparing pro forma financial statements to determine the projection for next year’s cost of goods sold. Make the following assumptions: current year’s sales are $27,800,000; current year’s cost of goods sold is $17,528,000; sales are expected to rise by 30%. What is the projection for next year’s cost of goods sold?

a. $21,459,200

b. $22,786,400

c. $20,481,000

d. $21,138,900

57. Predicting a firm’s future financial needs includes all of the following steps EXCEPT:

a. estimation of projected sales and expenses

b. estimation of investment levels for current and fixed assets

c. review of the firm’s sales revenues and expenses over all past planning periods

d. determination of the firm’s financing needs for the period

58. Which of the following is always a non-cash expense?

a. depreciation

b. salaries

c. income taxes

d. none of the above

59. Which of the following loans provide the least amount of security to the lender? a. floating lien

b. factoring

c. terminal warehouse agreement

d. chattel mortgage

60. Which of the following statements concerning liquidity and debt is true?

a. A firm can reduce its risk for illiquidity by shifting from short-term debt to long-term debt.

b. The greater the use of short-term debt, the lower the risk of illiquidity.

c. Long-term debt is generally less costly than short-term debt.

d. The risk of illiquidity does not depend on the mix of short-term versus long-term debt.

61. Hyper Retail Outlets sell goods on terms of net 40. The store’s average monthly sales (all on credit) are $70,000. Hyper pledges all of its receivables to the bank, which advances 80% of the face value of the receivables at a rate of 2.5% above prime. The bank also charges a 1% processing fee on all receivables pledged. Hyper borrows the full amount possible, and the current prime rate is 5%. What is the annual percentage rate (APR) of using this source of financing for one full year?

a. 21.8%

b. 23.5%

c. 22.5%

d. 19.1%

62. The break-even model enables the manager of the firm to:

a. determine the optimal amount of debt financing to use.

b. calculate the minimum price of common stock for certain situations.

c. set appropriate equilibrium thresholds.

d. determine the quantity of output that must be sold to cover all operating costs.

63. QuadCity Manufacturing, Inc. reported the following items: Sales = $6,000,000; Variable

Costs of Production = $1,500,000; Variable Selling and Administrative

Expenses = $550,000; Fixed Costs = $1,350,000; EBIT = $2,600,000; and the Marginal Tax Rate =35%. QuadCity’s break-even point in sales dollars is:

a. $2,050,633

b. $2,438,750

c. $2,785,000

d. $2,197,500

64. Based on the data contained in Table A, what is the break-even point in sales dollars?

TABLE A

Average selling price per unit $18.00

Variable cost per unit $13.00

Units sold 400,000

Fixed costs $650,000

Interest expense $50,000

a. $1,775,500

b. $1,850,000

c. $700,000

d. $2,340,000

65. Financing a portion of a firm’s assets with securities bearing a fixed rate of return in hopes of increasing the return to stockholders refers to:

a. combined leverage

b. business risk

c. financial leverage

d. operating leverage

66. Which of the following statements about combined (operating & financial) leverage is true?

a. High operating leverage and high financial leverage offset one another, meaning that if sales increase by 10%, then EPS will also increase by 10%.

b. If a firm employs both operating and financial leverage, any percent change in sales will produce a larger percent change in earnings per share.

c. A firm that is in a capital-intensive industry should use a higher level of financial leverage than a firm that employs low levels of operating leverage.

d. Usage of both operating and financial leverage reduces a firm’s risk.

67. Assuming no corporate taxes, the independence hypothesis suggests that a firm’s weighted average cost of capital will:

a. remain constant because the cost of equity will be increasing as the amount of debt increases due to the increased risk.

b. increase proportionally with the increase in the amount of debt a firm uses.

c. remain constant regardless of capital structure because the cost of debt and the cost of equity are the same.

d. decrease proportionally with the increase in the amount of debt a firm uses.

68. Mix Sweet Shop bakes and sells pies. Mix has annual fixed costs of $880,000 and a variable cost per pie of $7.50. Each pie sells for $15.50 each. The firm expects to sell 500,000 pies annually. What is the break-even point in sales dollars?

a. $2,875,000

b. $1,625,000

c. $3,100,000

d. $1,705,000

69. Which of the following transactions will lower a company’s financial leverage?

a. A mortgage loan is obtained and the proceeds are used to pay off existing short-term debt.

b. Common stock is sold and the proceeds are used to pay off existing short-term debt.

c. Preferred stock is sold and the proceeds are used to pay off existing short-term debt.

d. Short-term debt is obtained to get the company through a period of negative net income and cash flow.

70. Dividend changes may be used by management as a credible communication tool to signal investors about future earnings under which of the following dividend policy theories?

a. the residual dividend theory

b. the information effect

c. the expectations theory

d. the clientele effect

71. An increase in flotation costs will most likely result in which of the following?

a. smaller dividend payments so that less external equity financing is needed

b. larger dividend payments so shareholders are able to earn their required returns

c. no change in dividend policies because flotation costs are paid by purchasers of common stock

d. larger dividend payments to offset higher taxes paid by investors

72. Assume that the tax on dividends and the tax on capital gains is the same. All else equal, what would a prudent investor prefer?

a. The prudent investor would prefer capital gains—the capital gain tax liability can be deferred until gains are realized.

b. The prudent investor would be indifferent between receiving dividends or capital gains.

c. The prudent investor would prefer dividends—a dollar today is always worth more than a dollar to be received in the future. d. More information is needed.

73. While Rogue Corporation has been in business for over 50 years, newly developed products pushed the firm’s year-over-year growth rate to 35% during the latest three years. The firm is proud of its history of paying dividends, but the vigorous recent growth of the firm has left it cash challenged. Which of the following policies/procedures would you consider best under the circumstances?

a. Substitute a stock dividend for the current cash dividend.

b. Look seriously for a merger partner.

c. Enter into a long-term stock repurchase program.

d. Borrow long-term to pay the current dividend.

74. The president of Smith Brothers, Inc. wants a dividend policy that minimizes the likelihood of decreasing the company’s dividend per share. Which of the following policies should the CEO select?

a. regular dividend plus a year-end extra

b. constant dividend payout ratio

c. stable dollar dividend per share

d. All policies have the same likelihood of a dividend decrease because dividend changes are dependent on changes in earnings.

75. Plantain, Inc. declared a dividend of $1 per share on March 1. The ex-dividend date is March 15th, and the payment date is april 1st. The most likely record date is:

a. February 27th

b. March 13th

c. March 29th

d. March 17th

76. How frequently do corporations generally pay dividends?

a. semiannually

b. quarterly

c. monthly

d. annually

77. All of the following are potential benefits of stock repurchases EXCEPT:

a. a favorable impact on earnings per share

b. the elimination of a minority ownership group of stockholders

c. an approach for maintaining the existing capital structure while still making a distribution to shareholders

d. a means for providing an internal investment opportunity

78. Which of the following strategies may be used to alter a firm’s capital structure toward a higher percentage of debt compared to equity?

a. maintain a low dividend payout ratio

b. stock split

c. stock repurchase

d. stock dividend

79. Sinkmaster Corp. settled a large lawsuit that caused earnings to be negative for the quarter. This quarterly loss was the first in 22 years. In addition, the company has a record of 48 consecutive quarters of dividend payments. Which of the following is correct?

a. The company can omit the dividend; shareholders are always understanding about the riskiness of business.

b. The company can use cash generated through prior retention of earnings, or borrowed funds to pay the dividend.

c. The clientele effect says that investor choice of investment vehicle is independent of dividend policy and therefore the payment/omission of the dividend is immaterial.

d. The company cannot pay dividends this quarter since the company had no earnings.

80. Which of the following is a spontaneous source of financing?

a. notes payable

b. common stock

c. accrued expenses

d. paid-in-capital

81. The percent of sales method does not accurately estimate the balances for lumpy assets. Which of the following statements best describes the possible errors?

a. If excess capacity exists, the percent of sales method will overestimate asset requirements.

b. The percent of sales method consistently overestimates the forecasted balances of lumpy assets.

c. The percent of sales method consistently underestimates the forecasted balances of lumpy assets.

d. If fixed assets are utilized at full capacity currently, the percent of sales method will underestimate the forecasted fixed asset balance.

82. The accuracy of the percent of sales forecast method is impaired if:

a. scale economies are present for assets.

b. asset needs are independent of sales level.

c. assets must be purchased in discrete quantities.

d. All of the above impair the accuracy of the percent of sales forecast method.

83. Which of the following statements is MOST correct concerning the relationship between a company’s cash budget and its income statement?

a. If net income is positive, then cash flow could be positive or negative, but if net income is negative, cash flow must also be negative.

b. If net income is positive, then cash flow must be positive.

c. Cash flow could be positive whether net income is positive or negative.

d. If net income is positive for 3 or more months in a row, then cash flow must be positive.

CraftCo, Inc.’ projected sales for the first six months of 2012 are given below:

Jan. $500,000 April $490,000

Feb. $740,000 May $740,000

Mar. $380,000 June $610,000

40% of sales are collected in cash at time of sale, 50% are collected in the month following the sale, and the remaining 10% are collected in the second month following the sale. Cost of goods sold is 60% of sales. Purchases are made in the month prior to the sales, and payments for purchases are made in the month of the sale. Total other cash expenses are $40,000/month. The company’s cash balance as of February 28, 2012 will be $25,000. Excess cash will be used to retire short-term borrowing (if any). CraftCo, Inc. has no short term borrowing as of February 28, 2012. Assume that the interest rate on short-term borrowing is 1% per month. The company must have a minimum cash balance of $15,000 at the beginning of each month.

84. What is CraftCo, Inc.’s total cash receipts for April 2010?

a. $524,000

b. $460,000

c. $560,000

d. $490,000

85. A company collects 25% of its sales during the month of sale, 65% one month after the sale, and 10% two months after the sale. The company expects sales of $50,000 in August, $80,000 in September, $90,000 in October, and $60,000 in November. How much money is expected to be collected in October?

a. $79,500

b. $22,500

c. $55,000

d. $90,000

LPD Logistics, Inc.’s projected sales for the first six months of 2010 are given below.

Jan. $300,000 April $350,000

Feb. $350,000 May $500,000

Mar. $475,000 June $400,000

20% of sales are collected in the month of the sale, 75% are collected in the month following the sale, and 5% are written off as uncollectible. Cost of goods sold is 80% of sales. Purchases are made the month prior to the sales and are paid during the month the purchases are made (i.e. goods sold in March are bought and paid for in February). Total other cash expenses are $35,000/month. The company’s cash balance as of February 1, 2010 will be $30,000. Excess cash will be used to retire short-term borrowing (if any). LPD has no short term borrowing as of February 28, 2010. Assume that the interest rate on short term borrowing is 1% per month. The company must have a minimum cash balance of $20,000 at the beginning of each month.

86. What is LPD’s projected total disbursements for April?

a. $398,833

b. $375,655

c. $435,686

d. $422,918

87. The cash budget consists of all the following factors EXCEPT:

a. cash disbursements

b. cash receipts

c. new financing needed

d. net income

88. What is the primary tool for short-term financial forecasting?

a. pro forma balance sheet

b. pro forma cash budget

c. capital budgeting

d. pro forma income statement

89. A firm’s cash position would most likely be hurt by:

a. decreasing excess inventory

b. retiring outstanding debt

c. establishing stricter (shorter) credit terms

d. increasing the net profit margin

90. A company that increases its liquidity by holding more cash and marketable securities is:

a. likely to achieve a higher return on equity because of higher interest income

b. going to maximize firm value because risk is decreased

c. likely to achieve a lower return on equity because of the smaller rates of return earned on cash and marketable securities compared to the firm’s other investments

d. going to have to sell common stock to raise the cash to become more liquid

91. Which of the following actions would improve a firm’s liquidity?

a. buying machinery with long-term debt

b. purchasing inventories for cash

c. purchasing inventory with long-term debt

d. purchasing inventory on trade credit

92. According to the hedging principle, fixed assets should NOT be financed with:

a. permanent plus spontaneous financing

b. equity financing

c. permanent financing

d. temporary financing

93. Accrued wages and accrued taxes are considered to be:

a. spontaneous sources of unsecured short-term financing

b. current assets

c. permanent sources of financing because companies must always pay wages and taxes

d. secured sources of short-term financing

94. Spontaneous sources of financing include:

a. marketable securities

b. accounts receivable

c. common stock

d. wages payable

95. Permanent sources of financing include all but:

a. corporate bonds

b. commercial paper

c. preferred stock

d. common stock

96. All of the following are likely to increase the cost of a company’s short-term financing EXCEPT:

a. an increase in the company’s debt rating by Moody’s or Standard and Poors

b. taking a loan on a discount basis

c. an increase in the compensating balance required

d. an increase in the bank’s prime lending rate

97. Brown Inc. needs to borrow $250,000 for the next 6 months. The company has a line of credit with a bank that allows the company to borrow funds with an 8% interest rate subject to a 20% of loan compensating balance. Currently, Brown Inc. has no funds on deposit with the bank and will need the loan to cover the compensating balance as well as their other financing needs. How much will Brown Inc. need to borrow?

a. $347,222

b. $312,500

c. $300,000

d. $270,000

98. All of the following are potential advantages of commercial paper EXCEPT:

a. flexible repayment terms.

b. ability to borrow very large amounts.

c. lower interest rates than comparable sources of short-term financing.

d. no compensating balance requirements.

99. An inventory loan agreement in which the inventories pledged as collateral are physically separated from the firm’s other inventory and placed under the control of a third-party is called a:

a. floating lien agreement

b. field warehouse agreement

c. securitized inventory loan arrangement

d. chattel mortgage agreement

100.Crawley, Inc. has a line of credit with HNC Bank that allows the company to borrow up to $800,000 at an interest rate of 12 percent. However, Crawley, Inc. must keep a compensating balance of 18 percent of any amount borrowed on deposit at the bank. Crawley, Inc. does not normally keep a cash balance account with HNC Bank. What is the effective annual cost of credit?

a. 15.47%

b. 12.40%

c. 14.63%

d. 12.83%

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